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Anti-gay bias contributed significantly to the spread of the AIDS epidemic. Anti-gay bias prevents the ability of schools to create effective honest sexual education programs that would save children's lives and prevent STDs sexually transmitted diseases. Researchers have proposed alternative terms to describe prejudice and discrimination against LGBT people.

Some of these alternatives show more semantic transparency while others do not include - phobia :. People and groups have objected to the use of the term homophobia.

Homosexuality and psychology - Wikipedia

Use of homophobia , homophobic , and homophobe has been criticized as pejorative against LGBT rights opponents. Behavioral scientists William O'Donohue and Christine Caselles stated in that "as [ homophobia ] is usually used, [it] makes an illegitimately pejorative evaluation of certain open and debatable value positions, much like the former disease construct of homosexuality" itself, arguing that the term may be used as an ad hominem argument against those who advocate values or positions of which the user does not approve.

In the Associated Press Stylebook was revised to advise against using non-clinical words with the suffix -phobia, including homophobia, in "political and social contexts. The term heterophobia is sometimes used to describe reverse discrimination or negative attitudes towards heterosexual people and opposite-sex relationships. The term heterophobia is confusing for some people for several reasons.


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On the one hand, some look at it as just another of the many me-too social constructions that have arisen in the pseudoscience of victimology in recent decades. Others look at the parallelism between heterophobia and homophobia, and suggest that the former trivializes the latter For others, it is merely a curiosity or parallel-construction word game.

But for others still, it is part of both the recognition and politicization of heterosexuals' cultural interests in contrast to those of gays—particularly where those interests are perceived to clash. Stephen M.

Stigma and discrimination reduction: a critical component of achieving an AIDS-free generation

White and Louis R. Franzini introduced the related term heteronegativism to refer to the considerable range of negative feelings that some gay individuals may hold and express toward heterosexuals. This term is preferred to heterophobia because it does not imply extreme or irrational fear. Category:LGBT culture.

The Challenges of Being a Rural Gay Man: Coping with Stigma (Routledge Advances in Sociology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Chumbawamba song, see Homophobia song. For the short film, see Homophobia film. Negative attitudes and discrimination toward homosexuality and LGBT people. General forms. Related topics. Sexual orientation. Homosexuality Bisexuality pansexuality polysexuality Asexuality gray asexuality Demographics Biology Environment. Social attitudes. Prejudice , violence. Academic fields and discourse. Queer studies Lesbian feminism Queer theory Transfeminism Lavender linguistics.

Main article: Religion and homosexuality. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main articles: Christianity and homosexuality and The Bible and homosexuality. Main article: Homosexuality and Islam. Worldwide laws regarding same-sex intercourse and state of expression and association. Rings indicate areas where local judges have granted or denied marriages or imposed the death penalty in a jurisdiction where that is not otherwise the law or areas with a case-by-case application. See also: History of homosexual people in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. Further information: Societal attitudes toward homosexuality.

LGBT portal. Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice.

Retrieved December 27, Because of the complicated interplay among gender identity, gender roles, and sexual identity, transgender people are often assumed to be lesbian or gay See Overview: Sexism, Heterosexism, and Transgender Oppression. Because transgender identity challenges a binary conception of sexuality and gender, educators must clarify their own understanding of these concepts. Facilitators must be able to help participants understand the connections among sexism, heterosexism, and transgender oppression and the ways in which gender roles are maintained, in part, through homophobia.

Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Violence. SAGE Publications. In a culture of homophobia an irrational fear of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender [GLBT] people , GLBT people often face a heightened risk of violence specific to their sexual identities. Women's Gynecologic Health.

Homophobia is an individual's irrational fear or hate of homosexual people. This may include bisexual or transgender persons, but sometimes the more distinct terms of biphobia or transphobia, respectively, are used. Retrieved Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press.

Background

June Fear or hatred of homosexuals and homosexuality. Mark McCormack 23 May The Declining Significance of Homophobia. Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 12 June Rutgers University Press. Transgender people subjected to violence, in a range of cultural contexts, frequently report that transphobic violence is expressed in homophobic terms. The tendency to translate violence against a trans person to homophobia reflects the role of gender in attribution of homosexuality as well as the fact that hostility connected to homosexuality is often associated with the perpetrators' prejudices about particular gender practices and their visibility.

FBI [Internet]. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. Retrieved 17 February April Archived from the original on October Psychological Reports.

The Challenges of Being a Rural Gay Man

Society and the healthy homosexual. APA News. Archived from the original on November 21, Sociology: a global introduction 3 ed. Pearson Education. The Times. One of the boys. NY, NY: Routledge. Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original on September 4, Retrieved June 1, Am J Orthopsychiatry. American Psychiatric Association.

Archived from the original on September 27, Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved October 16, Peace by Jesus. Robert A. Part Three Life in Christ.